(1878-1965). Austrian-Israeli-Jewish philosopher, translator, and educator, whose work centered on theistic ideals of religious consciousness, interpersonal relations, and community; best known for his book, I and Thou (1923) and translating the Hebrew Bible into German. A cultural Zionist, Buber was active in the Jewish and educational communities of Germany and Israel.

Autograph Letter Signed, in German, two pages on one 4to sheet, Deir Abou Tor, Jerusalem, November 30, 1946.

Buber writes to Bernard Rang, son of his friend Florens Christian Rang (1864-1924), pastor, lawyer and author, identified as a Christian Socialist and whom Buber considered to be a Jurist, philosopher and theologian. Buber met Christian Rang at the Potsdam meeting of the Forte Circle. During World War I, Rang was a German patriot, but later his feelings were more in alignment with Buber’s. They joined together calling for a reevaluation of Germany’s education system and remained friends until Rang’s death in 1924. In part," I had already heard about you some time ago through Leopold Max. Marxens live as hardworking settlers in Shave Zin near Naharia. Kratz, who published a series of German poems here over the years lives in Jerusalem...he has a position as a minor official. Benjamin ended in suicide after he had crossed the Franco-Spanish border with a number of others and was told that he would have to return (which later turned out to be false). My help with the highly desirable publication of the literary remains of your father is certainly at the disposal of the editors...As soon as you tell me the time has come, I will have the letters in my possession copied and will send you a copy...In all this time, I have hardly published anything in German, though a series of books in Hebrew, recently also a few things in English. Several volumes are being prepared in English...maybe it will be possible to make a small trip to Germany from Switzerland...." He signs in full, "Martin Buber."

Buber writes, “My help with the highly desirable publication of the literary remains of your father is certainly at the disposal of the editors.” But, in a 1949 letter from Buber to Bernard Rang [see “Martin Buber’s Life and Work” b Maurice S. Friedman], Buber reproves him “for the liberties he had taken in recasting his father’s writings on Goethe into the form of a ‘dialogue’ between his father and himself….” So, it seems that whatever Buber did send was not, in the end, published with total accuracy.   During 1946 Buber’s “Moses” was published in English and he would have finished writing “Paths in Utopia,” as it was published the following year, 1947 and in English in 1949.   Among the people Buber mentions in his letter are Leopold Marx, Walter Benjamin and Ernst Michel. Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) was a literary cultural philosopher, and a big influence on Buber. According to “The Letters of Martin Buber: A Life of Dialogue” by Martin Buber, Benjamin was unable to secure a university position in 1925 and finally left Germany in 1933 to live in various places in Europe. He tried to cross the Franco-Spanish border in 1940, as mentioned in this letter, but could not. The prospect of being extradited back to Germany led him to commit suicide. Leopold Marx was a friend of Buber’s who, along with Otto Hirsch and Karl Adler, created the Stuttgart Judisches Lehrhaus, a Jewish Education Center in Stuttgart. Ernst Michel, according to “Martin Buber on Psychology and Psychotherapy: Essays, Letters, and Dialogue,” by Martin Buber, was a “sociologist concerned with social and cultural policy, leading figure in progressive Catholicism.” He was a lecturer at the Academy of Labor in Frankfurt from 1922 until 1933 as well as an Adjunct Professor in Frankfurt from 1931-1933. Forced to retire in 1933, he trained as a psychotherapist. He “opened a practice of ‘personal psychotherapy’ in the spirit of Buber’s dialogical thought.” In 1946 and after he wrote and published on psychotherapy and corresponded with Buber, exchanging publications with him.  .

Item #2179

Price: $750.00