Laurencin has been generally regarded as a famous woman painter having shown in eleven exhibitions between 1912 and 1939, in major art capitals including Paris, London, New York and Dusseldorf. She was part of the avant-garde circle of artists and writers that included Appolinaire, Picasso and Braque. By the date of our letter, she was regarded as a queen of French culture. In the weeks before the start of World War II, Laurencin comments to friends about her travel. "The weather is nice - the window open onto greenery - Nothing to tell - All the Jews are going to Mass...it is not only the danger which makes them pious - since they govern - the leaves of the trees, disturbed about it, make splinters of light...." She signs, "Marie." She draws decorative curls around her signature.
Laurencin's letter draws attention to the Nazi threat Jews would face in France in the not too distant future. Her attitude toward Jews shows here. In 1942 , she published "Le Carnet des nuits," a collection of reminiscences and poems from her youth and early part of her career, and in 1944 her Paris apartment was taken over by the Germans. By the time she wrote our letter, Laurencin had achieved her greatest successes. Many Jews sought refuge in France once the Nazis acceded to power in Germany, but by 1939 the French government restricted the number of immigrants from Germany and Spain.