Collection of 42 broadsides and pamphlets mainly supporting, some opposing, the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution granting American women the right to vote in federal elections. Broadsides and Pamphlets from various state campaigns for the 19th Amendment make up the bulk of this collection with several broadsides opposing woman's suffrage. The 19th Amendment guarantees American women the right to vote, also known as suffrage.
Many of our broadsides and pamphlets derive from the period when the 19th amendment passed the House of Representatives and the Senate and was sent to the states for ratification by a 2/3 majority. The first states to ratify were Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Kansas, New York and Ohio. By March 1920, 35 states had ratified the woman’s suffrage amendment. The Southern states held out against ratification, but on August 18, 1920, when Tennessee voted for ratification, the necessary majority of states was reached and American women gained the right to vote. Women exercised that right for the first time in the presidential election on Nov. 2, 1920. Over the next 60 years, the remaining states voted for the amendment with Mississippi finally joining the rest of the states in 1984. The National American Woman Suffrage Association came into existence in 1890 from the merger of two independent suffrage organizations which each formed in 1869: the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA). Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony founded the NWSA 1869 and Lucy Stone and her husband Henry Blackwell founded the AWSA.
ANTI-SUFFRAGE BROADSIDE: THE WOMAN'S BIBLE: Editor Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Carrie Chapman Catt, President of the National Suffrage Association, one of the Revising Committee, 16 inches x 9.5 inches, ca 1920.